GCC Regional Protocols and Conventions Regarding Environmental Impact Assessment
For GCC countries, “The general Environmental Law” was launched in 1997. It indicated in Article 4 & Article 8 the necessity of providing environmental impact assessment studies for projects that might have a negative impact on environment.
In 1985 (Oman), GCC countries agreed on “The Environmental Impact Assessment for GCC countries”. The parties should take care of the environment by producing an EIA study as a part of the feasible study for the projects.
It has been over 30 years since the GCC countries agreed to conduct EIA studies for almost all industrial projects. When it happend, pollution usually across the board of countries. Air, water, and land are common
To have the right predictions of the negative impacts of your project, it is very important to choose the right environmental impact assessment consultant for your project. It is not enough for the consultant to be especialized in general environmental sciences. It is not even enough to be specialized in the area of the project itself as if he is an expert of cement industry to right the EIA study for establishing or ongoing cement factory. We can summarize the four main aspects that an EIA consultant should be aware of. Your consultant should have, first, a good knowledge in the frameworks and processes of environmental impact assessment projects. These EIA processes and frameworks are very helpful and mandatory to follow them in some countries or regions. Second, the consultant should be aware of the environmental legislations and regulations locally, regionally, and internationally to be able to conduct an environmental impact assessment study. Third, the consultant should be aware …
Several environmental conventions and agreements are signed by parties of the United Nations to protect the environment. Selected conventions and protocols are entitled below:
Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context Espoo Convention Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment Selected texts in articles about environmental impact assessment are indicated below:
Principle 17: Environmental impact assessment, as a national instrument, shall be undertaken for proposed activities that are likely to have a significant adverse impact on the environment and are subject to a decision of a competent national authority. Principle 19: States shall provide prior and timely notification and relevant information to potentially affected States on activities that may have a significant adverse transboundary environmental effect and shall consult with those States at an early stage and in good faith.