UN Protocols and Conventions Regarding Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)



Several environmental conventions and agreements are signed by parties of the United Nations to protect the environment.  Selected conventions and protocols are entitled below:

  • Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context  Espoo Convention

  • Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents

  • Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment

Selected texts in articles about environmental impact assessment are indicated below:

  • Principle 17: Environmental impact assessment, as a national instrument, shall be undertaken for proposed activities that are likely to have a significant adverse impact on the environment and are subject to a decision of a competent national authority.

  • Principle 19: States shall provide prior and timely notification and relevant information to potentially affected States on activities that may have a significant adverse transboundary environmental effect and shall consult with those States at an early stage and in good faith. 



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